New Zealand Shells: Marine Bivalves


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SOLEMYIDAE

Solemya parkinsonii
A.C.F.E. from 0-300m, grows to 84mm.

Acharax clarificata
A.C.M.E. from 392-1168m, grows to 105mm.
MYTILIDAE (CRENELLINAE, LITHOPHAGINAE, BATHYMODIOLINAE)

Arcuatula senhousia
A. on mudflats, grows to 30mm.

Musculus impactus
A.C.F.M. at low tide and below, grows to 48mm.

Gregariella barbata
A.C.M. from 0-100m, grows to 14mm.

Zelithophaga truncata
A.C.F.E. in soft rock at low tide, grows to 46mm.

Terua arcuatilis
C.M.E. deeper than 500m. grows to 30mm.

Gigantidas gladius
A.E. from 216-755m in hydrothermal areas, grows to 316mm.

Benthomodiolus lignocola
A.C.M.E. from 800-3000m, grows to 20mm.
MYTILIDAE (MYTILINAE, MODIOLINAE)

Perna canaliculus
A.C.F.E. from 0-80m, grows to 241mm.

Mytilus galloprovincialis
A.C.F.M.An. from 0-80m, grows to 150mm.

Aulacomya maoriana
A.C.F.M.An.E. at low tide and below, grows to 100mm.

Xenostrobus neozelanicus
A.C.F.An.E. upper tidal zone, grows to 31mm.

Xenostrobus securis
A.C.F.M. intertidal in estuaries, grows to 42mm.

Xenostrobus securis
A.C.F.M. intertidal in estuaries, grows to 42mm.

Modiolus areolatus
A.C.F.M.An. from 0-200m, grows to 115mm.
PINNIDAE, PTERIIDAE

Atrina zelandica
A.C.F.E. from 0-80m, grows to 447mm.

Pteria levitata
K.A. from 50-80m, grows to 70mm.

Pinctada sp.
Unknown.

Pinctada sugillata
K.A drifted from New Caledonia, grows to 40mm.
OSTREIDAE, CLEIDOTHAERIDAE

Magallana gigas
A.C. at low tide and below, grows to 242mm.

Saccostrea glomerata
A.C.M. at mid tide, grows to 90mm.

Ostrea chilensis (lutaria form)
A.C.F.M from 0-80m, grows to 105mm.

Ostrea chilensis (heffordi form)
F.E. from 0-80m, grows to 55mm.

Ostrea chilensis (charlottae form)
C.F.M from 50-150m, grows to 127mm.

Lopha cristagalli
K.A. drifted from Australia, grows to 34mm.

Cleidothaerus albidus
A.C.M. on low tide rocks, grows to 79mm.
ANOMIIDAE

Anomia trigonopsis
A.C.E. from 0-60m, grows to 76mm.

Monia zelandica
A.C.F.M.An. from 0-250m, grows to 77mm.

Pododesmus sp.
Unknown.

Anomia sp.
Unknown.

Anomia sp.
Unknown.

Anomia sp.
Unknown.
PECTINIDAE: PECTININAE

Pecten novaezelandiae
A.C.F.M.E. from 0-150m, grows to 178mm.

Pecten novaezelandiae
A.C.F.M.E. from 0-150m, grows to 178mm.

Pecten novaezelandiae (rakiura form)
A.C.F.M.E. from 0-150m, grows to 178mm.
PECTINIDAE: CHLAMYDINAE (Talochlamys zelandiae)

Talochlamys zelandiae
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 0-1000m, grows to 50mm.

Talochlamys zelandiae
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 0-1000m, grows to 50mm.

Talochlamys zelandiae (suprasilis form)
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 0-1000m, grows to 40mm.

Talochlamys zelandiae (zeelandona form)
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 0-1000m, grows to 40mm.

Talochlamys zelandiae (dieffenbachi form)
C.F.M.E. from 0-500m, grows to 60mm.
PECTINIDAE: CHLAMYDINAE (Talochlamys gemmulata)

Talochlamys gemmulata
A.C.F.M.E. from 0-800m, grows to 73mm.

Talochlamys gemmulata (suteri form)
C.E. from 0-800m, grows to 73mm.

Talochlamys gemmulata (radiata form)
F.E. from 0-800m, grows to 65mm.

Talochlamys gemmulata (northern form)
F.E. from 0-800m, grows to 40mm.
PECTINIDAE: CHLAMYDINAE (other)

Zygochlamys delicatula
A.C.F.M.An. from 6-650m, grows to 91mm.

Zygochlamys sp.
Unknown.

Talochlamys dichroa
K.A.C.F.M.An.E. from 70-800m, grows to 47mm.

Veprichlamys kiwaensis
A.C.F.M.An. from 250-1200m, grows to 35mm.
PECTINIDAE: other

Mesopeplum convexum (southern form)
A.C.F.M.E. from 0-300m, grows to 70mm.

Mesopeplum convexum (northern form)
A.C.F.M.E. from 0-300m, grows to 70mm.

Delectopecten fosterianus
A.C.F.M. from 350-1600m, grows to 20mm.
PROPEAMUSSIIDAE

Parvamussium maorium
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 170-3000m, grows to 15mm.

Parvamussium retiolum
K.A.C. from 300-1000m, grows to 16mm.
LIMIDAE

Limaria orientalis
A.C.F. from 0-60m, grows to 36mm.

Limatula maoria
A.C.F.M.E. from 0-800m, grows to 41mm.

Lima zealandica
F.M.An.E. from 0-200m, grows to 84mm.

Escalima regularis
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 50-750m, grows to 18mm.

Divarilima sydneyensis
K.A.M. from 0-300m, grows to 8mm.

Acesta maui
C.M.An.E. from 250-1200m, grows to 185mm.

Acesta saginata
K.A. from 550-1650m, grows to 120mm.
LIMOPSIDAE, PHILOBRYIDAE

Pectunculina proceritas
A.E. from 700-1000m, grows to 12mm.

Philobrya munita
A.C.F.M.An.E. intertidal, grows to 7mm.
ARCIDAE, GLYCYMERIDIDAE

Barbatia novaezealandiae
A.C.F.M.E. from 0-150m, grows to 79mm.

Acar sandersonae
A.C.F.M.E. from 0-300m, grows to 27mm.

Anadara trapezia (subrecent)
A. from 0-50m, grows to 101mm.

Tucetona laticostata
A.C.F.M.E. from 0-100m, grows to 124mm.

Glycymeris modesta
A.C.F.M.E. from 0-100m, grows to 31mm.
CARDITIDAE

Purpurocardia purpurata
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 0-250m, grows to 44mm.

Purpurocardia reinga
A.E. from 0-150m, grows to 33mm.

Cardita distorta
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 0-250m, grows to 40mm.

Powellina brookesi
A.E. under stones at low tide, grows to 15mm.

Pleuromeris zelandica
A.C.F.E. from 10-250m, grows to 13mm.

Pleuromeris paucicostata
A.E. from 30-70m, grows to 9mm.

Pleuromeris latiuscula
A.E. from 20-50m, grows to 3mm.
CRASSATELLIDAE

Talabrica bellula
A.C.F.E. from 10-100m, grows to 28mm.
LUCINIDAE, THYASIRIDAE

Divalucina cumingi
A.C.F.M. from 0-250m, grows to 45mm.

Gonimyrtea concinna
A.C.E. from 45-230m, grows to 10mm.

Lucinoma galathea
C.F.M.E. from 150-900m, grows to 55mm.

Maorithyas flemingi
An.E. from 5-50m, grows to 10mm.
UNGULINIDAE

Zemysina striatula
A.C.M.E. from 0-100m, grows to 20mm.

Zemysina globus
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 5-130m, grows to 28mm.

Zemysia zelandica
A.C.F.M. from 0-150m, grows to 28mm.

Zemysia rakiura
F.M.E. from 0-100m, grows to 13mm.
VENERIDAE: DOSINIINAE

Dosinia subrosea
A.C.E. from 0-10m, grows to 75mm.

Dosinia anus
A.C.E. from 0-10m, grows to 83mm.

Dosinia maoriana
A.C.M.E. from 0-10m, grows to 47mm.

Dosinia lambata
A.C.E. from 0-60m, grows to 41mm.

Dosinia greyi
A.C.E. from 5-20m, grows to 55mm.
VENERIDAE: CHIONINAE

Austrovenus stutchburyi
A.C.F.M.An.E. on tidal mudflats, grows to 80mm.

Tawera spissa
A.C.F.M. from 5-250m, grows to 34mm.

Bassina yatei
A.C.F.E. from 5-15m, grows to 67mm.

Leukoma crassicosta
A.C.F.M.E. at low tide and below, grows to 61mm.

Austrovenus stutchburyi (aucklandica form)
A.C.F.M.An.E. intertidal, grows to 80mm.

Tawera phenax
F.An.E. from 100-200m, grows to 61mm.

Tawera marionae
F.M.E. from 100-200m, grows to 35mm.

Tawera sp.
Unknown.
VENERIDAE: other

Venerupis largillierti
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 0-10m, grows to 75mm.

Venerupis largillierti
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 0-10m, grows to 75mm.

Irus reflexus
A.C.F.M.E. at low tide and below, grows to 61mm.

Irus elegans
A.C.F.E. at low tide and below, grows to 60mm.

Dosina mactracea
A.C.F.E. from 0-180m, grows to 71mm.

Dosina mactracea (crebra form)
A.C.E. from 2-25m, grows to 50mm.

Gomphina maorum
A.E. from 5-100m, grows to 16mm.

Notocallista multistriata
A.C.F.E. from 10-250m, grows to 35mm.
CARDIIDAE, GALEOMMATIDAE, CYAMIIDAE

Pratulum pulchellum
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 20-250m, grows to 32mm.

Kellia cycladiformis
A.C.F.M.An.E. from low tide to 220m, grows to 18mm.

Borniola reniformis
A.C.F.M.An.E. from low tide to deep water, grows to 11mm.

Myllita stowei
A.C.F.E. from 0-10m grows to 14mm.

Kidderia costata
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 0-100m, grows to 7mm.
MESODESMATIDAE

Paphies australis
A.C.F.M.An.E. below mid tide, grows to 95mm.

Paphies australis (aucklandicum form)
An.E. below mid tide, grows to 80mm.

Paphies subtriangulata
A.C.F.M.E. intertidal, grows to 99mm.

Paphies subtriangulata (forsterianum form)
M.E. intertidal, grows to 95mm.

Paphies subtriangulata (porrecta form)
M.E. intertidal, grows to 95mm.

Paphies donacina
C.F.E. intertidal, grows to 87mm.

Paphies ventricosa
A.C.F.E. intertidal, grows to 169mm.
MACTRIDAE: MACTRINAE

Spisula discors
A.C.F.E. from 0-10m, grows to 81mm.

Spisula murchisoni
A.C.F.E. from 0-10m, grows to 99mm.

Crassula aequilatera
A.C.F.E. from 0-10m, grows to 76mm.

Cyclomactra ovata
A.C.F.M.E. in mud at low tide, grows to 104mm.

Oxyperas elongata
A.C.F.M.E. from 5-100m, grows to 111mm.

Cyclomactra tristis
A.C.E. in low tide mud at river mouths, grows to 75mm.

Scalpomactra scalpellum
A.C.F.E. from 5-250m, grows to 34mm.

Mactra ordinaria
A.C.E. from 0-10m, grows to 23mm.
MACTRIDAE: ZENATIINAE

Resania lanceolata
A.C.F.E. from 0-10m, grows to 120mm.

Zenatia acinaces
A.C.F.E. from 5-80m, grows to 118mm.
PSAMMOBIIDAE

Hiatula siliquens
A.C.F.E. from 0-10m, grows to 50mm.

Hiatula nitida
A.C.F.M.E. from 0-10m, grows to 85mm.

Gari stangeri
A.C.F.M.E. from 5-30m, grows to 76mm.

Gari lineolata
A.C.F.M.E. from 5-15m, grows to 68mm.

Gari convexa
A.C.F.M.E. from 5-50m, grows to 85mm.
TELLINIDAE

Macomona liliana
A.C.F.M.E. at low tide and below, grows to 81mm.

Pseudarcopagia disculus
A.C.F.M.E. from 0-10m, grows to 40mm.

Bartschicoma gaimardi
A.C.F.E. from 0-10m, grows to 75mm.

Ardeamya spenceri
A.C.F.E. from 0-15m, grows to 64mm.

Serratina charlottae
A.C.F.M.E. from 20-120m, grows to 39mm.

Bartschicoma edgari
A.C.E. from 5-20m, grows to 52mm.

Moerella huttoni
A.C.F.E. from 5-25m, grows to 18mm.

Elliptotellina urinatoria
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 30-250m, grows to 10mm.
SEMELIDAE, GAIMARDIIDAE

Theora lubrica
A.C. from 0-10m, grows to 10mm.

Leptomya retiaria retiaria
A.C.F.E. from 0-80m, grows to 25mm.

Gaimardia trapesina
An. from 0-20m, grows to 35mm.

Gaimardia forsteriana
F.M.E. on low tide seaweed, grows to 5mm.
NUCULIDAE, NUCULANIDAE

Linucula hartvigiana
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 0-10m, grows to 9mm.

Nucula nitidula
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 0-110m, grows to 8mm.

Ennucula strangei
A.C.F.M.E. from 5-50m, grows to 15mm.

Varinucula gallinacea
A.C.M.E. from 20-160m, grows to 11mm.

Saccella maxwelli
A.C.F.M.E. from 20-200m, grows to 10mm.

Jupiteria wolffi
C.M.E. from 250-700m, grows to 8mm.
MALLETIIDAE

Neilo australis
A.C.F.M.E. from 10-700m, grows to 34mm.

Neilo wairoana delli
C.E. from 400-800m, grows to 33mm.

Neilo annectens
C.F.E. from 500-1000m, grows to 42mm.

Neilo blacki
C.E. from 800-2000m, grows to 36mm.

Malletia aoteana
C.E. from 600-2400m, grows to 16mm.
CORBULIDAE, HIATELLIDAE

Corbula zelandica
A.C.F.M.E. from 5-150m, grows to 15mm.

Panopea zelandica
A.C.F.E. from 5-20m, grows to 149mm.

Panopea smithae
A.C.F.M.E. from 5-200m, grows to 119mm.

Hiatella sp.
A.C.F.M.An. from 0-300m, grows to 25mm.
PHOLADIDAE, TEREDINIDAE

Barnea similis
A.C.F.M.E. in soft intertidal rock, grows to 102mm.

Pholadidea suteri
A.C.F.E. intertidal in soft rock, grows to 50mm.

Pholadidea tridens
A.M.E. intertidal in soft rock, grows to 30mm.

Bankia australis
A.C. in decaying wood on mudflats, grows to 14mm.
MYOCHAMIDAE

Myadora striata
A.C.F.E. at low tide and below, grows to 45mm.

Myadora boltoni
A.C.E. from 0-10m, grows to 15mm.

Myadora subrostrata
A.C.F.M.E. from 10-230m, grows to 20mm.

Myadora antipodum
A.C.F.M.E. from 20-240m, grows to 16mm.

Myadora novaezelandiae
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 45-200m, grows to 10mm.

Hunkydora novozelandica
A.C.F.E. from 30-200m, grows to 32mm.

Myochama tasmanica
A.F. from 5-15m, grows to 20mm.
THRACIIDAE

Asthenothaerus maxwelli
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 5-50m, grows to 45mm.

Thracia vegrandis
A.C.E. from 10-80m, grows to 30mm.

Thracia vitrea
A.C.F.E. from 2-300m, grows to 32mm.
PERIPLOMATIDAE, PARILIMYIDAE, EUCIROIDAE

Offadesma angasi
A.C.F.M. from 0-250m, grows to 104mm.

Parilimya neozelanica
A.C.F.E. from 30-500m, grows to 46mm.

Parilimya maoria
A.E. from 400-800m, grows to 30mm.

Euciroa galatheae
A.C.M.E. from 300-900m, grows to 58mm.
CUSPIDARIIDAE

Rhinoclama trailli
A.C.F.An.E. from 10-250m, grows to 16mm.

Cuspidaria willetti
A.C.F.M.E. from 25-80m, grows to 30mm.

Cuspidaria fairchildi
A.C.F.M.E. from 150-1000m, grows to 67mm.