New Zealand Shells: Brachiopods, Barnacles, Sea-Urchins, and Tubeworms


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BRACHIOPODA

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TEREBRATELLIDAE

Calloria inconspicua
A.C.F.M.E. from 0-40m, grows to 26mm.

Calloria variegata
A.E. from 0-60m, grows to 25mm.

Calloria sp.
Unknown.

Magasella sanguinea
A.C.F.E. from 5-40m, grows to 42mm.

Magasella sanguinea (haurakiensis form)
A.C.F.E. from 5-40m, grows to 42mm.

Neothyris lenticularis
F.M.E. from 10-600m, grows to 60mm.
TEREBRATULIDAE, DALLINIDAE, NOTOSARIIDAE, CRANIIDAE

Liothyrella neozelanica
F.E. from 10-800m, grows to 53mm.

Dallina raphaelis
A.C.F.M from 100-500m, grows to 60mm.

Notosaria nigricans
F.M.E. from 0-40m, grows to 25mm.

Novocrania huttoni
A.E. from 20-50m, grows to 25mm.

CIRRIPEDIA (Barnacles)

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AUSTROBALANIDAE

Austrominius modestus
A.C.F.E. intertidal to 5m in sheltered areas, grows to 13mm.

Austrominius modestus (gerontic form)
A.C.F.E. intertidal to 5m in sheltered areas, grows to 13mm.

Austrominius modestus (cluster)
A.C.F.E. intertidal to 5m in sheltered areas, grows to 13mm.

Epopella plicata
A.C.F.M.An.E. on mid-tide rocks, grows to 35mm.

Epopella plicata
A.C.F.M.An.E. on mid-tide rocks, grows to 35mm.

Epopella plicata (highly eroded form)
A.C.F.M.An.E. on mid-tide rocks, grows to 35mm.

Epopella plicata (juvenile)
A.C.F.M.An.E. on mid-tide rocks, grows to 35mm.

Epopella plicata (cluster)
A.C.F.M.An.E. on mid-tide rocks, grows to 35mm.

Epopella plicata (cluster)
A.C.F.M.An.E. on mid-tide rocks, grows to 35mm.

Epopella kermadeca
K.E. intertidal, grows to 20mm.
TETRACLITIDAE

Tetraclitella depressa
K.A.C.F.M.An.E. intertidal in shaded areas, grows to 20mm.

Tesseropora rosea
K. intertidal, grows to 25mm.
CHTHAMALIDAE

Chamaesipho brunnea
A.C.M.E. spray zone on the open coast, grows to 24mm.

Chamaesipho brunnea (cluster)
A.C.M.E. spray zone on the open coast, grows to 24mm.

Chamaesipho columna (cluster)
K.A.C.F. intertidal on open coasts, grows to 16mm.
BALANIDAE

Notomegabalanus decorus (cluster)
K.A.C.F.M.An.E. from 0-730m, grows to 50mm.

Notomegabalanus decorus
K.A.C.F.M.An.E. from 0-730m, grows to 50mm.

Notomegabalanus decorus (unusual form)
K.A.C.F.M.An.E. from 0-730m, grows to 50mm.

Notomegabalanus decorus (unusual form)
K.A.C.F.M.An.E. from 0-730m, grows to 50mm.

Balanus trigonus (cluster)
A. intertidal to 55m, grows to 16mm.

Balanus trigonus
A. intertidal to 55m, grows to 16mm.

Unidentified - can you help?
Unknown.

Amphibalanus amphitrite
A. intertidal to 5m, grows to 20mm.

Amphibalanus variegatus
A. intertidal to 5m, grows to 25mm.

Fistulobalanus kondakovi
A. intertidal, grows to 20mm.

Austromegabalanus nigrescens
A. intertidal, grows to 60mm.

Austromegabalanus nigrescens
A. intertidal, grows to 60mm.
ARCHAEOBALANIDAE

Notobalanus vestitus
A.C.F.M.An.E. intertidal to 400m, grows to 17mm.

Notobalanus vestitus
A.C.F.M.An.E. intertidal to 400m, grows to 17mm.
CORONULIDAE

Coronula diadema
Lives on whales, grows to 70mm.
CALANTICIDAE

Smilium spinosa
A.C.F.E. on intertidal rocks, grows to 30mm.

Smilium spinosa (sertus form)
A.C.F.E. on intertidal rocks, grows to 30mm.

Calantica villosa
A.C.F.E. intertidal to 300m, grows to 30mm.

Calantica spinilatera
A.C.F.M.E. from 50-258m, grows to 30mm.

Smilium acutum
K.A.C.F.M.An. from 391-1220m, grows to 12mm.
SCALPELLIDAE, EOLEPADIDAE

Amigdoscalpellum costellatum
A.C.F.M.An. from 110-2400m, capitulum to 20mm.

Anguloscalpellum pedunculatum
A.C.F.M. from 200-600m, capitulum to 50mm.

Vulcanolepas osheai
K.E. hydrothermal vents at 500-1700m, capitulum to 20mm.
LEPADIDAE

Lepas pectinata
K.A.C.M. neustonic, grows to 15mm.

Lepas anatifera
K.A.C.M. neustonic, grows to 65mm.

Lepas anatifera
K.A.C.M. neustonic, grows to 65mm.

Lepas testudinata
K.A.C.M. neustonic, grows to 50mm.

Lepas australis
C.F.M.An. neustonic, grows to 25mm.

Lepas nonfurcata
A.C. neustonic, grows to 30mm.

Lepas anserifera
K.A.C. neustonic, grows to 60mm.

Dosima fascicularis
K.A.C.F. neustonic, grows to 30mm.

Dosima fascicularis
K.A.C.F. neustonic, grows to 30mm.

Dosima fascicularis (float cluster)
K.A.C.F. neustonic, grows to 30mm.

ECHINOIDEA (Sea-Urchins)

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ECHINOMETRIDAE

Evechinus chloroticus
K.A.C.F.M.E. from 0-50m, grows to 180mm.

Evechinus chloroticus
K.A.C.F.M.E. from 0-50m, grows to 180mm.

Evechinus chloroticus
K.A.C.F.M.E. from 0-50m, grows to 180mm.

Heliocidaris tuberculata
K.A. from 5-200m, grows to 100mm.

Aristotle's lantern (sea-urchin mouthparts)
 
TEMNOPLEURIDAE

Pseudechinus novaezealandiae
C.F.An.E. from 0-400m, grows to 75mm.

Pseudechinus novaezealandiae
C.F.An.E. from 0-400m, grows to 75mm.

Pseudechinus albocinctus
C.F.E. from 5-145m, grows to 50mm.

Pseudechinus albocinctus
C.F.E. from 5-145m, grows to 50mm.

Pseudechinus flemingi
C.F.M.E. from 90-600m, grows to 50mm.

Pseudechinus flemingi
C.F.M.E. from 90-600m, grows to 50mm.

Pseudechinus huttoni
A.C.F.E. from 5-550m, grows to 70mm.

Pseudechinus huttoni
A.C.F.E. from 5-550m, grows to 70mm.

Pseudechinus magellanicus
An. from 5-850m, grows to 40mm.

Amblypneustes elevatus
A. from 0-70m, grows to 60mm.

Amblypneustes elevatus
A. from 0-70m, grows to 60mm.

Amblypneustes elevatus
A. from 0-70m, grows to 60mm.
ARBACIIDAE

Coelopleurus exquisitus
A.C.F.An. from 240-520m, grows to 46mm.
DIADEMATIDAE, TOXOPNEUSTIDAE, ECHINIDAE

Centrostephanus rodgersii
K.A. from 0-30m, grows to 120mm.

Centrostephanus rodgersii
K.A. from 0-30m, grows to 120mm.

Tripneustes gratilla
K.A. from 10-100m, grows to 170mm.

Dermechinus horridus
K.A.C.F.M.An. from 200-1200m, grows to 130mm.
PEDINIDAE

Caenopedina novaezealandiae
A.E. from 300-500m, grows to 30mm.
CIDARIDAE

Goniocidaris parasol
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 200-1000m, grows to 50mm.

Goniocidaris parasol
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 200-1000m, grows to 50mm.

Goniocidaris parasol
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 200-1000m, grows to 50mm.

Goniocidaris parasol
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 200-1000m, grows to 50mm.

Goniocidaris cf. parasol
A.C.F.M.An.E. from 200-1000m, grows to 50mm.

Ogmocidaris benhami
A.C.F.E. from 200-800m, grows to 25mm.

Goniocidaris umbraculum
A.C.F.M.E. from 20-400m, grows to 30mm.

Goniocidaris umbraculum
A.C.F.M.E. from 20-400m, grows to 30mm.

Stereocidaris cf. microtuberculata
A.C.F.An. from 400-1000m, grows to 80mm.

Goniocidaris magi
A.C.E. from 30-300m, grows to 30mm.

Goniocidaris magi
A.C.E. from 30-300m, grows to 30mm.

Goniocidaris corona
A.C.F.M.E. from 5-130m, grows to 20mm.

Goniocidaris corona
A.C.F.M.E. from 5-130m, grows to 20mm.

Eucidaris metularia
No other NZ records.

Plococidaris verticillata
No other NZ records.
CLYPEASTERIDAE

Fellaster zelandiae
A.C.F. from 0-90m, grows to 100mm.

Fellaster zelandiae
A.C.F. from 0-90m, grows to 100mm.

Clypeaster australasiae
K.A. from 0-130m, grows to 150mm.

Clypeaster sp.
Unknown.
APATOPYGIDAE, FIBULARIIDAE

Apatopygus recens
A.C.F. from 2-150m, grows to 40mm.

Mortonia polyporus
K.A.E. from 20-50m, grows to 20mm.
LOVENIIDAE, SPATANGIDAE

Echinocardium cordatum
A.C.F.M.An. from 3-300m, grows to 50mm.

Spatangus multispinus
A.C.F.M.E. from 30-1000m, grows to 100mm.

Spatangus luetkeni
F. from 20-800m, grows to 135mm.
BRISSIDAE, EURYPATAGIDAE, PALEOPNEUSTINIDAE

Brissus gigas
A.E. from 8-200m, grows to 200mm.

Paramaretia peloria
A.C.F.M. from 50-700m, grows to 90mm.

Heterobrissus niasicus
A.C.F.An. from 125-500m, grows to 130mm.

POLYCHAETA (Tubeworms)

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SERPULIDAE

Protolaeospira tricostalis
A.C.F.M.An. intertidal to 30m, coil to 2.5mm.

Paralaeospira sp.
Unknown.

Nidificaria pocillator
A.E. intertidal to 200m, coil to 2mm.

Protolaeospira eximia
A.C.F.M. 100 to 400m, coil to 2mm.

Salmacina australis
A. from 10-80m, grows to 60mm.

Filograna implexa
A.C.F. from 0-700m, grows to 30mm.

Filograna implexa
A.C.F. from 0-700m, grows to 30mm.

Ficopomatus sp.
Unknown.

Hydroides elegans
A.C. from 0-500m, grows to 50mm.

Hydroides dirampha
A.C. from 0-600m, grows to 50mm.

Hydroides dirampha
A.C. from 0-600m, grows to 50mm.

Hydroides dirampha
A.C. from 0-600m, grows to 50mm.

Hydroides sp.
Unknown.

Hydroides sp.
Unknown.

Unidentified - can you help?
Unknown.

Unidentified - can you help?
Unknown.

Protula sp.
Unknown.

Protula sp.
Unknown.

Protula sp.
Unknown.

Galeolaria hystrix
A.C.F.M.E. subtidal on hard surfaces, grows to 100mm.

Galeolaria hystrix (operculum)
A.C.F.M.E. subtidal on hard surfaces, grows to 100mm.

Unidentified - can you help?
Unknown.

Spirobranchus cariniferus
A.C.F.E. intertidal in sheltered areas, grows to 40mm.

Spirobranchus sp.
Unknown.

Unidentified - can you help?
Unknown.

Unidentified - can you help?
Unknown.

Unidentified - can you help?
Unknown.

Unidentified - can you help?
Unknown.

Unidentified - can you help?
Unknown.

Unidentified - can you help?
Unknown.

Unidentified - can you help?
Unknown.

Unidentified - can you help?
Unknown.

Serpula vermicularis
K.A.C.F.M.An. intertidal to 100m, grows to 200mm.

Serpula crenata
A.C.F.M. from 50-650m, grows to 30mm.